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Eur J Pharm Biopharm. 2010 Jun;75(2):291-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpb.2010.03.007. Epub 2010 Mar 18.

Active packaging for topical cosmetic/drug products: a hot-melt extruded preservative delivery device.

Author information

1
Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche P. Pratesi, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy. lucia.zema@unimi.it

Abstract

A delivery device intended for the prolonged release of antimicrobial agents, able to enhance the stability profile of liquid/semi-solid cosmetic/pharmaceutical products for topical application, was proposed in the present study. With the aid of a simulation program based on compartment models, the relevant kinetic and formulation parameters were defined using dehydroacetic acid sodium salt (DHA.Na, Prevan) as the model preservative. Indeed, the overall DHA.Na degradation rate is increased in the presence of formaldehyde releasers that are often employed as co-preservatives. Inert matrices (3 g weight and 18 mm diameter) based on high-density polyethylene (HDPE), possibly consistent with the design of an active packaging meant for preservative delivery, were prepared by hot-melt extrusion. Units with satisfactory physical-technological properties could be obtained up to 50%w/w loads of antimicrobial agent. In an attempt to modify the relevant Fickian release profiles by varying the area exposed to the medium, matrix systems coated with an impermeable film except for one base (CMs) or for the inner surface of a central drilled hole (PCMs) were investigated. On the basis of the n exponent of power equation and the outcome of linear fitting, PCMs were proven able to yield the zero-order release behaviour needed to ensure constant DHA.Na levels over a predetermined time period, as indicated by the simulation process.

PMID:
20304050
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejpb.2010.03.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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