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J Gastrointest Surg. 2010 Sep;14(9):1453-8. doi: 10.1007/s11605-010-1188-9. Epub 2010 Mar 19.

Fundoplication after laparoscopic Heller myotomy for esophageal achalasia: what type?

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Department of Surgery, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, 5841 S. Maryland Ave, MC 5095, Room G-201, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.


Because of the high success rate of minimally invasive surgery, a radical shift in the treatment algorithm of esophageal achalasia has occurred. Today, a laparoscopic Heller myotomy is the preferred treatment modality for achalasia. This remarkable change is due to the recognition by gastroenterologists and patients that a laparoscopic Heller myotomy gives better and more durable results than pneumatic dilatation and intrasphincteric injection of botulinum toxin injection, while it is associated to a short hospital stay and a fast recovery time. While there is agreement about the need of a fundoplication in conjunction to the myotomy, some questions still remain about the type of fundoplication: Should the fundoplication be total or partial, and in case a partial fundoplication is chosen, should it be anterior or posterior? The following review describes the data present in the literature in order to identify the best procedure that can achieve prevention or control of gastroesophageal reflux after a myotomy without impairing esophageal emptying.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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