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Nat Immunol. 2010 Apr;11(4):289-93. doi: 10.1038/ni.1852.

Sensing the outside world: TSLP regulates barrier immunity.

Author information

1
Immunology Program, Benaroya Research Institute, Seattle, Washington, USA. sziegler@benaroyaresearch.org

Abstract

Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is an interleukin 7 (IL-7)-like cytokine originally characterized by its ability to promote the activation of B cells and dendritic cells (DCs). Subsequent studies have shown that TSLP promotes T helper type 2 (TH2) cell responses associated with immunity to some helminth parasites and the pathogenesis of many inflammatory diseases, including atopic dermatitis and asthma. This review will focus on recent findings indicating that in addition to influencing B cell and DC function, TSLP can promote TH2 cytokine-associated inflammation by directly promoting the effector functions of CD4+ TH2 cells, basophils and other granulocyte populations while simultaneously limiting the expression of DC-derived proinflammatory cytokines and promoting regulatory T cell responses in peripheral tissues.

PMID:
20300138
PMCID:
PMC2924817
DOI:
10.1038/ni.1852
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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