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J Leukoc Biol. 2010 Aug;88(2):227-32. doi: 10.1189/jlb.0809550. Epub 2010 Mar 18.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis induces IL-17A responses through TLR4 and dectin-1 and is critically dependent on endogenous IL-1.

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Department of Medicine, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, Geert Grooteplein Zuid 8, 6525 GA Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


In the present study, we dissected the pathways that trigger the IL-17A responses by MTB. Dectin-1 and TLR4 were shown to be involved in MTB-induced IL-17A production, and blockade of the NOD2, TLR2, or MR had no effect on IL-17A. The MAPK Erk, known to mediate transcription of IL-1beta mRNA, was strongly involved in the IL-17A production induced by MTB. The intracellular enzymes caspase-1 and serine proteases, which process pro-IL-1beta into the active IL-1beta, were also crucial for the induction of IL-17A. Lastly, the MTB-induced IL-17A response was strongly dependent on signaling through the IL-1R but not the IL-6R pathway. In conclusion, the MTB-induced IL-17A response relies strongly on the endogenous IL-1 pathway and IL-1R signaling. TLR4 and dectin-1 are the main receptors responsible for mediating the signals responsible for IL-17A production by MTB. These findings contribute to a better understanding of the host response to mycobacteria and provide the opportunity to explore potential, novel, therapeutic strategies against TB.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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