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Vet Parasitol. 2010 Jun 24;170(3-4):212-7. doi: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2010.02.010. Epub 2010 Feb 18.

Comparative virulence of Nosema ceranae and Nosema apis in individual European honey bees.

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1
Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7044, Ulls väg 16, SE-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden. eva.forsgren@ekol.slu.se

Abstract

Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae are intracellular microsporidian parasites infecting the midgut epithelial cells of adult honey bees. N. ceranae was considered to be restricted to the Asian honey bee, Apis cerana, but is nowadays a parasite found also in the European honey bee (Apis mellifera) across most of the world. Recent surveys and experimental work suggest that N. ceranae is a serious threat to the global beekeeping industry. It has been suggested that N. ceranae induces significantly higher mortality in honey bees than N. apis, but little is known about their comparative virulence. In this study, we used in vivo infection experiments to study the two parasites' different virulence (i.e. multiplication rate and infectivity). A qPCR was developed to elucidate within host competition between the two parasites using mixed infections. The outcome of the experiments indicates minor differences in infectious dose and multiplication rate between the two species. Moreover, the mortality caused by N. ceranae was not significantly higher than for N. apis and N. ceranae appeared to have no competitive advantage within host.

PMID:
20299152
DOI:
10.1016/j.vetpar.2010.02.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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