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FEBS Lett. 1991 Apr 22;282(1):189-92.

Identification of nuclear factor IV/Ku autoantigen in a human 2D-gel protein database. Modification of the large subunit depends on cellular proliferation.

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Laboratory for Physiological Chemistry, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands.


Nuclear Factor IV (NFIV) is a heterodimeric DNA-binding protein from HeLa cells, recognizing molecular ends and is identical to the autoantigenic target Ku. We have identified the two NFIV/Ku subunits, by comigration, in the 2D-gel database of transformed human amnion cell (AMA) proteins. We observed that the large subunit of NFIV/Ku consists of at least 3 charge variants that correspond to SSP IEFs 5705 (81.2 kDa, pI 5.74), 6707 (81.2 kDa, pI 5.67) and 6706 (81.9 kDa, pI 5.60) in the AMA catalogue. The relative amounts of the 2 major variants (IEFs 5705 and 6707) was dependent on the state of cell proliferation. Inhibition of DNA-synthesis by hydroxyurea also changed the relative levels of the variants, whereas aphidicolin or a thymidine block had no effect. These results suggest a possible role for NFIV/Ku in DNA replication.

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