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Virology. 1991 Jun;182(2):486-94.

Replication of potato virus X RNA is altered in coinfections with potato virus Y.

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Department of Biological Sciences, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208.


Potato virus X (PVX) and potato virus Y (PVY) may coinfect tobacco to cause a classic synergistic disease. In the acute stage the disease is characterized by a dramatic increase in the accumulation of infectious PVX particles, with no corresponding increase or decrease in the accumulation of PVY. The accumulation of PVX genomic RNA and coat protein has been examined in doubly versus singly infected tobacco leaves. These experiments indicate that the levels of both viral components increase in doubly infected plants to about the same extent as the level of infectious PVX particles. The level of PVX subgenomic coat protein mRNA found associated with polyribosomes of synergistically infected plants is also increased to a similar extent. Pulse labelling experiments suggest that the increase in PVX coat protein is due to an increased rate of synthesis. The level of PVX (-) strand RNA template increases disproportionately in doubly infected tissue, to a level three times higher than that of the virion or its component parts. This result suggests that PVX/PVY synergism involves an alteration in the normal regulation of the relative levels of PVX (+) and (-) strand RNAs during viral replication.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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