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Cell Mol Life Sci. 2010 Jul;67(13):2271-81. doi: 10.1007/s00018-010-0331-9. Epub 2010 Mar 18.

Annexin A4 interacts with the NF-kappaB p50 subunit and modulates NF-kappaB transcriptional activity in a Ca2+-dependent manner.

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Medical Proteomics Research Center, KRIBB, Daejeon, 305-806, Republic of Korea.


Previously, we identified annexin A4 (ANXA4) as a candidate substrate of caspase-3. Proteomic studies were performed to identify interacting proteins with a view to determining the roles of ANXA4. ANXA4 was found to interact with the p105. Subsequent studies revealed that ANXA4 interacts with NF-kappaB through the Rel homology domain of p50. Furthermore, the interaction is markedly increased by elevated Ca(2+) levels. NF-kappaB transcriptional activity assays demonstrated that ANXA4 suppresses NF-kappaB transcriptional activity in the resting state. Following treatment with TNF-alpha or PMA, ANXA4 also suppressed NF-kappaB transcriptional activity, which was upregulated significantly early after etoposide treatment. This difference may be due to the intracellular Ca(2+) level. Additionally, ANXA4 translocates to the nucleus together with p50, and imparts greater resistance to apoptotic stimulation by etoposide. Our results collectively indicate that ANXA4 differentially modulates the NF-kappaB signaling pathway, depending on its interactions with p50 and the intracellular Ca(2+) ion level.

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