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J Sch Health. 2010 Mar;80(3):112-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2010.00491.x.

Evaluation of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's concussion initiative for high school coaches: "Heads Up: Concussion in High School Sports".

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1
Division of Injury Response, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. ksarmiento@cdc.gov

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To reduce the number of sports-related concussions, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), with the support of partners and experts in the field, has developed a tool kit for high school coaches with practical, easy-to-use concussion-related information. This study explores the success of the tool kit in changing knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to the prevention and management of concussions.

METHODS:

A mail questionnaire was administered to all eligible high school coaches who received the tool kit. Follow-up focus groups were conducted for additional information. Both quantitative data from the surveys and qualitative data from the focus groups were analyzed to support the objectives of the study.

RESULTS:

Respondents self-reported favorable changes in knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward the prevention and management of concussions. Qualitative responses augmented the quantitative data.

CONCLUSION:

Barriers to concussion prevention and management are complex; however, these results highlight the role that coaches can play in school settings in establishing a safe environment for their athletes.

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