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J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio). 2010 Feb;20(1):8-30. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-4431.2009.00496.x.

Bartonellosis: an emerging infectious disease of zoonotic importance to animals and human beings.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Sciences, Center for Comparative Medicine and Translational Research, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27606, USA. ed_breitschwerdt@ncsu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To provide a review of clinically relevant observations related to Bartonella species as emerging pathogens in veterinary and human medicine.

DATA SOURCES:

Literature as cited in PubMed and as generated by each of the authors who have contributed to various aspects of the clinical understanding of bartonellosis.

HUMAN DATA SYNTHESIS:

Important historical and recent publications illustrating the evolving role of animal reservoirs as a source of human infection.

VETERINARY DATA SYNTHESIS:

Comprehensive review of the veterinary literature.

CONCLUSIONS:

In addition to inducing life-threatening illnesses, such as endocarditis, myocarditis, and meningoencephalitis and contributing to chronic debilitating disease, such as arthritis, osteomyelitis, and granulomatous inflammation in cats, dogs, and potentially other animal species; pets and wildlife species can serve as persistently infected reservoir hosts for the transmission of Bartonella spp. infection to veterinary professionals and others with direct animal contact.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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