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Cell Commun Adhes. 2009 Dec;16(5-6):146-53. doi: 10.3109/15419061003653771.

Cancer-derived mutations in the fibronectin III repeats of PTPRT/PTPrho inhibit cell-cell aggregation.

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  • 1Department of Genetics, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA


Abstract The receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase T PTPrho is the most frequently mutated tyrosine phosphatase in human cancer. PTPrho mediates homophilic cell-cell aggregation. In its extracellular region, PTPrho has cell adhesion molecule-like motifs, including a MAM domain, an immunoglobulin domain, and four fibronectin type III (FNIII) repeats. Tumor-derived mutations have been identified in all of these extracellular domains. Previously, the authors determined that tumor-derived mutations in the MAM and immunoglobulin domains of PTPrho reduce homophilic cell-cell aggregation. In this paper, the authors describe experiments in which the contribution of the FNIII repeats to PTPrho-mediated cell-cell adhesion was evaluated. The results demonstrate that deletion of the FNIII repeats of PTPrho result in defective cell-cell aggregation. Furthermore, all of the tumor-derived mutations in the FNIII repeats of PTPrho also disrupt cell-cell aggregation. These results further support the hypothesis that mutational inactivation of PTPrho may lead to cancer progression by disrupting cell-cell adhesion.

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