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Biosens Bioelectron. 2010 May 15;25(9):2140-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2010.02.016. Epub 2010 Feb 25.

Imprinted polymer-carbon consolidated composite fiber sensor for substrate-selective electrochemical sensing of folic acid.

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Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, India.


Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) are often electrically insulating materials. Due to the presence of diffusion barrier(s) in between such MIP coating and electrode surface and the absence of a direct path for the conduction of electrons from the binding sites to the electrode, the development of electrochemical sensor is significantly restricted. The direct use of MIPs those possess intrinsic electron-transport properties, is highly limited. These problems are resolved by the design of an original, substrate-selective MIP-fiber sensor that combines conventional insulating MIP and conducting carbon powder in consolidated phase. A layer of conducting carbon particles, arranged orderly as 'carbon strip', is inducted in the polymer for direct electronic conduction. MIP-carbon composite (monolithic fiber) in this work is prepared via in situ free radical polymerization of a new monomer (2,4,6-trisacrylamido-1,3,5-triazine, TAT) and subsequent cross-linkage with ethylene glycol dimethacrylate, in the presence of carbon powder and template (folic acid), at 55 degrees C in a glass capillary. The detection of folic acid with the MIP-fiber sensor was found to be specific and quantitative (detection limit 0.20 ng mL(-1), RSD=1.3%, S/N=3), in aqueous, blood serum and pharmaceutical samples, without any problem of non-specific false-positive contribution and cross-reactivity.

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