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Oncol Res. 2009;18(5-6):221-8.

ATP depletion as a consequence of hypoxia enhances tamoxifen antiproliferative effects in T47D breast carcinoma cells.

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Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


Tamoxifen causes a mitochondrial transmembrane potential dysfunction and ATP depletion, which may play a role in tamoxifen cytotoxicity. Administration of oligomycin-2 deoxy glucose (2DG) enhanced tamoxifen antiproliferative effects, which may be due to exacerbated ATP depletion following tamoxifen and oligomycin-2DG coadministration. Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) did not significantly change tamoxifen responsiveness at 0.1, 0.5, and 1 mM; however, 2 mM SNP hampered tamoxifen effects on cell proliferation and cell cycle. Oligomycin-2DG neither changed iNOS expression nor altered its attenuated expression due to tamoxifen exposure, suggesting that ATP depletion-mediated sensitivity to tamoxifen seems to be apart from iNOS.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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