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Cancer. 2010 May 15;116(10):2401-8. doi: 10.1002/cncr.24996.

Phase 2 study of carboplatin, docetaxel, and bevacizumab as frontline treatment for advanced nonsmall-cell lung cancer.

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Department of Thoracic/Head & Neck Medical Oncology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.



Bevacizumab has recently been demonstrated to prolong overall survival when added to carboplatin and paclitaxel for chemotherapy-naïve patients with nonsquamous nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the effects of combining bevacizumab with other standard, front-line, platinum-based doublets have not been extensively explored. We designed this single treatment arm, phase 2 trial to determine whether the combination of carboplatin, docetaxel, and bevacizumab is tolerable and prolongs progression-free survival of chemotherapy-naïve patients with advanced, nonsquamous NSCLC.


Forty patients were treated with up to 6 cycles of carboplatin (AUC 6), docetaxel (75 mg/m(2)), and bevacizumab (15 mg/kg) on Day 1 every 21 days. Patients with an objective response or stable disease received maintenance bevacizumab (15 mg/kg) every 21 days until disease progression. The primary endpoint was median progression-free survival. Secondary endpoints included safety, response rates, and overall survival.


The median number of chemotherapy and maintenance bevacizumab cycles/patient was 6 and 2, respectively. Grades 3-5 adverse events included febrile granulocytopenia (10%), infections (13%), bleeding (13%), thrombotic events (13%), hypertension (5%), bowel perforation (5%), and proteinuria (3%). Median progression-free survival was 7.9 months and median overall survival was 16.5 months. Partial responses were observed in 21 patients (53%), and stable disease >or=6 weeks occurred in another 17 patients (43%), for a disease control rate of 95%.


Carboplatin, docetaxel, and bevacizumab were feasible and effective for front-line treatment of advanced, nonsquamous NSCLC. These data provide further evidence that bevacizumab may be used in combination with multiple standard, platinum-based doublets in this setting.

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