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PLoS One. 2010 Mar 8;5(3):e9572. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009572.

Shigella mediated depletion of macrophages in a murine breast cancer model is associated with tumor regression.

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1
Institut für Medizinische Strahlenkunde und Zellforschung, Universität Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

Abstract

A tumor promoting role of macrophages has been described for a transgenic murine breast cancer model. In this model tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) represent a major component of the leukocytic infiltrate and are associated with tumor progression. Shigella flexneri is a bacterial pathogen known to specificly induce apotosis in macrophages. To evaluate whether Shigella-induced removal of macrophages may be sufficient for achieving tumor regression we have developed an attenuated strain of S. flexneri (M90TDeltaaroA) and infected tumor bearing mice. Two mouse models were employed, xenotransplantation of a murine breast cancer cell line and spontanous breast cancer development in MMTV-HER2 transgenic mice. Quantitative analysis of bacterial tumor targeting demonstrated that attenuated, invasive Shigella flexneri primarily infected TAMs after systemic administration. A single i.v. injection of invasive M90TDeltaaroA resulted in caspase-1 dependent apoptosis of TAMs followed by a 74% reduction in tumors of transgenic MMTV-HER-2 mice 7 days post infection. TAM depletion was sustained and associated with complete tumor regression.These data support TAMs as useful targets for antitumor therapy and highlight attenuated bacterial pathogens as potential tools.

PMID:
20221397
PMCID:
PMC2833200
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0009572
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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