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Nature. 2010 Mar 11;464(7286):199-208. doi: 10.1038/nature08917.

Spin liquids in frustrated magnets.

Author information

1
Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California 93106, USA. balents@kitp.ucsb.edu

Abstract

Frustrated magnets are materials in which localized magnetic moments, or spins, interact through competing exchange interactions that cannot be simultaneously satisfied, giving rise to a large degeneracy of the system ground state. Under certain conditions, this can lead to the formation of fluid-like states of matter, so-called spin liquids, in which the constituent spins are highly correlated but still fluctuate strongly down to a temperature of absolute zero. The fluctuations of the spins in a spin liquid can be classical or quantum and show remarkable collective phenomena such as emergent gauge fields and fractional particle excitations. This exotic behaviour is now being uncovered in the laboratory, providing insight into the properties of spin liquids and challenges to the theoretical description of these materials.

PMID:
20220838
DOI:
10.1038/nature08917

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