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J Agric Food Chem. 2010 Apr 28;58(8):4762-8. doi: 10.1021/jf100149w.

Antioxidant and angiotensin converting enzyme-inhibitory properties of a flaxseed protein-derived high Fischer ratio peptide mixture.

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Department of Human Nutritional Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 2N2, Canada.


Hydrolysis of flaxseed proteins using thermolysin and pronase followed by mixing with activated carbon, centrifugation and filtration yielded a filtrate (peptide mixture) with a Fischer ratio (branched-chain amino acids/aromatic amino acids) of 23.65 and a phenylalanine + tyrosine content of 1.11%. Gel permeation chromatography showed that the flaxseed peptide sample contained mainly low molecular weight peptides (<4 kDa). The high Fischer ratio peptide sample exhibited antioxidant property by scavenging 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical, superoxide radical, hydroxyl radical, and also by protecting linoleic acid from oxidation. In addition, the peptide mixture showed potential antihypertensive properties by inhibiting angiotensin I-converting enzyme in a mixed-type inhibition pattern. Protein hydrolysates with Fischer ratio higher than 20 and phenylalanine + tyrosine content lower than 2% have been used to treat patients with hepatic encephalopathy; thus, this multifunctional flaxseed peptide mixture could be used to formulate food products with multiple human health benefits during liver diseases, oxidative stress and hypertension.

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