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Can J Microbiol. 1977 Sep;23(9):1285-92.

The cellulase system of a Cytophaga species.

Abstract

Cellulases (EC 3.2.1.4) of a Cytophaga species WTHC 2421 (ATCC 29474) were found in the soluble portion of the cell (the periplasm and the cytoplasm) and on the membrane. Cell-free cellulases were not found. Most of the carboxymethylcellulase activity associated with reduction of viscosity was membrane bound, whereas most of the carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) saccharifying activity was soluble. The CMC-saccharifying activity was increased 534 X by purification procedures which included ammonium sulfate precipitation and molecular exclusion chromatography with Sephadex G-75 and Biogel p-100. Periplasmic carboxymethycellulase had a molecular weight of 6250 and cytoplasmic carboxymethylcellulase had a molecular weight of 8650. Analytical ultracentrifugation of the periplasmic carboxymethylcellulase (CMCase) indicated that it had a low molecular density. The chromatographic fraction containing periplasmic CMCase also contained enzyme activity against crystalline cellulose. The activity against crystalline cellulose was 238 X higher than the activity shown by the whole cell. The reaction of the enzyme with either CMC or dewaxed cotton produced only glucose. The enzyme was slightly inhibited by the presence of 0.01% (w/v) glucose, lactose, or cellobiose, but it was not affected by sucrose, and exhibited increased activity in the presence of xylose and fructose.

PMID:
20217
DOI:
10.1139/m77-192
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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