Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens. 2010 May;19(3):278-82. doi: 10.1097/MNH.0b013e328337f921.

Epidemiology of hypertension and chronic kidney disease in China.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Hypertension and chronic kidney disease have become major public health challenges in China.

RECENT FINDINGS:

It is estimated that approximately 153 million Chinese adults had hypertension in 2002. It is also estimated that 2.33 million total cardiovascular deaths and 1.27 million premature cardiovascular deaths were attributable to increased blood pressure in 2005 in China. Approximately 39% of Chinese adult populations are highly sensitive to dietary sodium intake, a risk factor for hypertension and cardiovascular disease. The prevalence of chronic kidney disease varied greatly among studies due to differences in study populations and definitions of chronic kidney disease. A large prospective cohort study estimates that incidence and mortality of end-stage renal disease was 30.7 and 20.9 per 100,000 person-years among Chinese adults aged 40 years and older. Hypertension and the metabolic syndrome have been documented as risk factors for chronic kidney disease. In addition, a J-shaped association between body weight and incidence of end-stage renal disease and an inverse association between alcohol consumption and risk of end-stage renal disease were documented.

SUMMARY:

These results underscore the urgent need to develop national strategies for the prevention, detection, and treatment of hypertension and chronic kidney disease.

PMID:
20216066
PMCID:
PMC2911788
DOI:
10.1097/MNH.0b013e328337f921
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center