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Urol Int. 2010;84(2):164-73. doi: 10.1159/000277593. Epub 2010 Mar 4.

Long-term outcome of patients with high-risk prostate cancer following radical prostatectomy and stage-dependent adjuvant androgen deprivation.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Städtisches Klinikum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To present the long-term outcome of high-risk prostate cancer patients treated by radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) and stage-dependent adjuvant androgen deprivation therapy.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Between 1989 and 2005, 2,655 patients underwent RRP by 9 surgeons. All cases (n = 372) with high-risk prostate cancer (serum PSA >20 ng/ml, and/or clinical stage T2c or greater, and/or biopsy Gleason score 8 or greater) were identified and analyzed retrospectively.

RESULTS:

At 5 and 10 years, cancer-specific survival was 91.3 and 87.2%; overall survival was 84.3 and 72.1%; biochemical progression-free survival (BPFS) was 76.6 and 56.2%; clinical progression-free survival was 86.2 and 79.9%. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed significant differences with respect to pathological stage and Gleason score for cancer-specific survival, BPFS and clinical progression-free survival. In multiple analysis, the only preoperative predictor of BPFS at the 5% level was clinical stage (p = 0.0055).

CONCLUSION:

In patients with high-risk prostate cancer and a life expectancy of more than 10 years, RRP with stage-dependent adjuvant androgen deprivation therapy is a viable alternative to radiation therapy.

PMID:
20215820
DOI:
10.1159/000277593
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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