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Horm Res Paediatr. 2010;73(4):287-92. doi: 10.1159/000284394. Epub 2010 Mar 9.

Congenital hyperinsulinism due to a compound heterozygous ABCC8 mutation with spontaneous resolution at eight weeks.

Author information

1
London Centre for Paediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, and Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Recessive inactivating mutations in ABCC8 and KCNJ11 (which encode the two subunits of the adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels in beta-cells) are the most common cause of medically unresponsive congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) which requires a near-total pancreatectomy.

METHODS/RESULTS:

A patient born at term with marked macrosomia (5,900 g) presented at the age of 2 h with severe hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia. He failed to respond to treatment with the KATP agonist, diazoxide. An (18F)DOPA-PET scan showed intense diffuse uptake of (18F)DOPA (consistent with diffuse disease) and genetic analysis of the ABCC8 gene confirmed a compound heterozygote missense ABCC8 mutation (R168C/S606T). However, unexpectedly in this patient the hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia started to improve spontaneously at 7 weeks of age prior to planned pancreatic surgery.

CONCLUSIONS:

This is the first report of a patient with clinically severe autosomal-recessive diffuse CHI due to a compound heterozygous ABCC8 mutation that has resulted in spontaneous resolution at such an early age. Compound heterozygote ABCC8 mutations result in complex interactions, and it is possible that this interaction may modify the potential disease pathogenesis. It is important that physicians are aware of this unusual outcome in order to avoid unnecessary early pancreatic surgery with potential life-long implications.

PMID:
20215776
DOI:
10.1159/000284394
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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