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East Mediterr Health J. 2010 Jan;16(1):45-50.

Antibiotic resistance trends in paediatric community-acquired first urinary tract infections in the United Arab Emirates.

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  • 1Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates.


We analysed the trend of antibiotic resistance of community-acquired uropathogens over a 4-year period in a cohort of children with a first episode of culture-proven urinary tract infection presenting to the department of paediatrics at a large general secondary care hospital in the United Arab Emirates. Comparisons were made between 2 time periods: 2003-04 versus 2005-06 for 145 children aged 2 months to 12 years of age. Although some changes in resistance were observed for some antibiotics between the 2 time periods, the differences were not significant, nor were the trends, except for a significant increase in resistance to nitrofurantoin (from 5.4% to 35.6%), with a significant increasing trend over the 4 years.

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