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Curr Microbiol. 2010 Oct;61(4):267-73. doi: 10.1007/s00284-010-9606-5. Epub 2010 Mar 6.

Modifying thermostability of appA from Escherichia coli.

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  • 1Microbiology and Metabolic Engineering Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.


In order to improve the thermostability of Escherichia coli AppA phytase, Error-prone PCR was used to randomize mutagenesis appA gene, and a gene mutation library was constructed. A mutant I408L was selected from the library by the method of high-throughput screening with 4-methyl-umbelliferylphosphate (4-MUP). The appA gene of the mutant was cloned and expressed in E. coli Origami (DE3). The recombinant protein was purified by Ni-affinity chromatography, and the enzymatic features were analyzed. The results indicated that AppA phytase activities of mutant I408L and wild-type (WT) strain remained at 51.3 and 28%, respectively, after treatment at 85°C for 5 min. It means that the thermostability enhancement of AppA phytase I408L was 23.3% more as compared with WT. The K (m) of both phytase were 0.18 and 0.25 mM, respectively, which indicated that the catalyzing efficiency of I408L was improved. AppA phytase of mutant I408L showed a significant enhancement against trypsin, which was nearly three times compared with WT. In addition, AppA phytase of mutant could be activated by Mg(2+) and Mn(2+); in contrast, it could be inhibited by Ca(2+), Co(2+), Cu(2+), and K(+) in varying degrees, and the enzymatic activity was almost lost the presence of Fe(3+) and Zn(2+). It appears that screening thermotolerant phytase of E. coli by high throughput screening with a fluorescence substrate is a fast, simple, and effective method. The mutant I408L obtained in this study could be used for the large-scale commercial production of phytase.

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