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Appl Opt. 1979 Jul 1;18(13):2241-51. doi: 10.1364/AO.18.002241.

Polarization optics of twisted single-mode fibers.


In twisted single-mode optical fibers the polarization of light is affected by an elastooptically induced optical activity and by a modification of any linear birefringence present. These effects are discussed theoretically and demonstrated experimentally. The activity/twist ratio is alpha/tau approximately 0.13 ... 0.16 universally in weakly guiding silica fibers. Twisted fibers may be used as polarization rotators. A fiber with a +/-68 degrees double twist operates as a fast/slow mode interchanger, suitable for delay equalization.


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