Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Future Microbiol. 2010 Mar;5(3):507-19. doi: 10.2217/fmb.09.128.

Human immune responses in cryptosporidiosis.

Author information

  • 1Division of Internal Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, Yale University, 300 Cedar Street, TAC S169, New Haven, CT 06520, USA. anoli.borad@yale.edu

Abstract

Immune responses play a critical role in protection from, and resolution of, cryptosporidiosis. However, the nature of these responses, particularly in humans, is not completely understood. Both innate and adaptive immune responses are important. Innate immune responses may be mediated by Toll-like receptor pathways, antimicrobial peptides, prostaglandins, mannose-binding lectin, cytokines and chemokines. Cell-mediated responses, particularly those involving CD4(+) T cells and IFN-gamma play a dominant role. Mucosal antibody responses may also be involved. Proteins mediating attachment and invasion may serve as putative protective antigens. Further knowledge of human immune responses in cryptosporidiosis is essential in order to develop targeted prophylactic and therapeutic interventions. This review focuses on recent advances and future prospects in the understanding of human immune responses to Cryptosporidium infection.

PMID:
20210556
PMCID:
PMC2856646
DOI:
10.2217/fmb.09.128
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center