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ACS Nano. 2010 Apr 27;4(4):1845-50. doi: 10.1021/nn9013627.

Large-scale synthesis and phase transformation of CuSe, CuInSe2, and CuInSe2/CuInS2 core/shell nanowire bundles.

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Center of Super-Diamond and Advanced Films (COSDAF), and Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.


Facile chemical approaches for the controllable synthesis of CuSe, CuInSe2 nanowire, and CuInSe2/CuInS2 core/shell nanocable bundles were developed. Hexagonal CuSe nanowire bundles with lengths up to hundreds of micrometers, consisting of many aligned nanowires with a diameter of about 10-15 nm, were prepared by reacting cubic Cu(2-x)Se nanowire bundles with a sodium citrate solution at room temperature. The CuSe nanowire bundles were then used as self-sacrificial templates for making bundles of tetragonal chalcopyrite CuInSe2 nanowires by reacting with InCl3 via a solvothermal process. Furthermore, bundles of CuInSe2/CuInS2 core/shell nanocables were obtained by adding sulfur to the reaction system, and the shell thickness of the polycrystalline CuInS2 in the nanocables increased with increasing S/Se molar ratios. It was found that the small radius of copper ions allows their fast outward diffusion from the interior to the surface of nanowires to react with sulfur atoms/anions and indium ions to form a CuInS2 shell. Enhanced optical absorption in the vis-NIR region of CuInSe2/CuInS2 core/shell nanocable bundles is demonstrated, which is considered beneficial for applications in optoelectronic devices and solar energy conversion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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