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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2010 May;298(5):H1454-65. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00867.2009. Epub 2010 Mar 5.

The myocardial infarct size-limiting effect of sitagliptin is PKA-dependent, whereas the protective effect of pioglitazone is partially dependent on PKA.

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1
John S. Dunn Chair in Cardiology Research and Education, Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiology, Baylor College of Medicine, 1709 Dryden Road, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Abstract

Pioglitazone (PIO) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogs limit infarct size (IS) in experimental models. The effects of the dipeptidyl-peptidase-IV inhibitors, which increase the endogenous levels of GLP-1, on myocardial protection, are unknown. We studied whether sitagliptin (SIT) and PIO have additive effects on IS limitation in the mouse. Mice received 3-day or 14-day oral SIT (300 mg.kg(-1).day(-1)), PIO (5 mg.kg(-1).day(-1)), SIT + PIO, or vehicle. In addition, mice received intravenous H-89 [20 mg/kg, a protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor] or vehicle 1 h before ischemia. Rats underwent 30 min myocardial ischemia and 4 h reperfusion. SIT, PIO, and SIT + PIO for 3 days significantly reduced IS (24.3 +/- 2.7, 23.0 +/- 0.8, and 14.7 +/- 0.9%) compared with controls (46.2 +/- 2.8%). H-89 completely blocked the effect of SIT and partially blocked the PIO effect. SIT, but not PIO, increased cAMP levels. PKA activity was increased by PIO and to a greater extent by SIT. PIO, but not SIT, increased cytosolic phospholipase A(2) and cyclooxygenase-2 activity. Accordingly, 6-keto-PGF(1alpha) and 15-deoxy-PGJ(2) increased by PIO but not SIT. In contrast, SIT, and to a lesser extent PIO, increased 15-epi-lipoxin A(4) levels. H-89 completely blocked the effect of SIT and PIO on 15-epi-lipoxin A(4) levels. PIO, and to a greater extent SIT, increased endothelial nitric oxide synthase and cAMP response element-binding protein phosphorylation, an effect that was blocked by H-89. With a 14-day pretreatment experiment, IS was 46.4 +/- 1.0% in the control group, 16.9 +/- 0.6% in SIT (P < 0.001), 19.1 +/- 1.1% in PIO (P = 0.014), and 12.9 +/- 0.7% in SIT + PIO (P < 0.001). We found that SIT and PIO limit IS using different pathways. The protective effect of SIT is via cAMP-dependent PKA activation, whereas PIO mediates its effects via both PKA-dependent and -independent pathways.

PMID:
20207816
DOI:
10.1152/ajpheart.00867.2009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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