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Trends Parasitol. 2010 Apr;26(4):213-8. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2010 Mar 6.

Lyme borreliosis in dogs and humans in the USA.

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Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA.


Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto is the only established etiologic agent of Lyme borreliosis in dogs and in humans in North America. Lyme borreliosis differs in dogs and humans in terms of clinical outcome following infection, diagnostic approaches, prevention strategies and treatment recommendations. Nonetheless, serologic evidence of exposure of dogs to B. burgdorferi agrees with the geographical distribution of autochthonous transmission of the agent of Lyme borreliosis, and continued monitoring of exposure rates in dogs might allow early recognition of geographic expansion of endemic areas as well as identify hyperendemic areas where both humans and dogs are at increased risk of infection.

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