Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Trends Cogn Sci. 2010 May;14(5):208-15. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2010.02.001. Epub 2010 Mar 5.

Cortical and basal ganglia contributions to habit learning and automaticity.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA. ashby@psych.ucsb.edu

Abstract

In the 20th century it was thought that novel behaviors are mediated primarily in cortex and that the development of automaticity is a process of transferring control to subcortical structures. However, evidence supports the view that subcortical structures, such as the striatum, make significant contributions to initial learning. More recently, there has been increasing evidence that neurons in the associative striatum are selectively activated during early learning, whereas those in the sensorimotor striatum are more active after automaticity has developed. At the same time, other recent reports indicate that automatic behaviors are striatum- and dopamine-independent, and might be mediated entirely within cortex. Resolving this apparent conflict should be a major goal of future research.

PMID:
20207189
PMCID:
PMC2862890
DOI:
10.1016/j.tics.2010.02.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center