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Mitochondrion. 2010 Jun;10(4):316-20. doi: 10.1016/j.mito.2010.02.005. Epub 2010 Mar 2.

The role of mitochondria in the mammalian antiviral defense system.

Author information

1
Molecular Biology Section, Translational Medicine Branch, National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, Building 10-CRC, Room 5-3216, National Institutes of Health, 9000 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. scotti@mail.nih.gov

Abstract

Innate immunity is a crucial defense system against viral and bacterial pathogens, providing a rapid response to mitigate the effects of microbial attack. While more readily associated with respiration and metabolism, recent research has surprisingly identified a number of mitochondrial factors in the mammalian innate immune system. This review summarizes the novel mitochondrial proteins, such as MAVS and NLRX1, involved in this process and attempts to reconcile this new mitochondrial function with our previous knowledge of the organelle.

PMID:
20206303
PMCID:
PMC2874622
DOI:
10.1016/j.mito.2010.02.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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