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Psychol Health. 2010 Mar;25(3):305-19. doi: 10.1080/08870440902736964.

Mechanisms of health: Education and health-related behaviours partially mediate the relationship between conscientiousness and self-reported physical health.

Author information

1
Center for BrainHealth, University of Texas at Dallas, Dallas, 75235, USA. jls1179@utdallas.edu

Abstract

The personality trait of conscientiousness is an important predictor of health and longevity. The present research examined how conscientiousness, in combination with educational attainment and health-related behaviours, predicted self-reported physical health across adulthood. These relations were investigated in two studies, one using a large, representative sample of Illinois residents (N = 617) and the other using a community sample with a multi-method assessment of conscientiousness (N = 274). Across both studies, structural path analyses provided evidence for a model wherein conscientiousness predicted health, in part, through its relationship to both educational attainment and health-related behaviours. The findings suggest conscientiousness predicts health through a diverse set of mechanisms including, but not limited to, educational attainment and health-related behaviours.

PMID:
20204934
PMCID:
PMC3018856
DOI:
10.1080/08870440902736964
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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