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Chemosphere. 2010 Apr;79(4):377-86. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.02.010. Epub 2010 Mar 3.

Generic parameterization for a pharmacokinetic model to predict Cd concentrations in several tissues of different fish species.

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Process Engineering Group, Marine Research Institute IIM-CSIC, Eduardo Cabello 6, 36208 Vigo, Spain.


In the present work, a set of generic parameters was proposed for a pharmacokinetic model, with the objective of predicting Cd concentration in the tissues of diverse fish species under different environmental conditions. Cd concentrations in a number of tissues of Oncorhynchus mykiss and Cyprinus carpio were estimated by a structurally identifiable multicompartmental model (unique solution). The 13 generic parameters of the model comprised exchange rates, tissue-blood partition coefficients, and weight-corrected elimination rate constants accounting for the routes of water respiration, excretion and egestion. On the other hand, absorption efficiencies from water and food were considered to be condition-specific and estimated for each experiment. These two parameters reflected the differences in fish exposure to diet (food type and metal concentration) or water (water chemistry and bioavailable metal concentration). A data set of 27 experiments of Cd bioaccumulation in fish tissues was compiled for model calibration. The selected dynamics on trout and carp were performed under very different experimental conditions, involving water and/or food exposure, different fish weights and exposure concentrations and the presence/absence of depuration periods. Model predicted, for most compartments and experiments, the tendency of Cd dynamics. However, accumulation in liver and kidney was underestimated in approximately a half of the experiments, due mainly to a rapid metallothionein (MT) sequestration phenomena and subsequent saturation on liver and kidney produced under high exposure concentrations. On the other hand, both generic and condition-specific parameter values were in accordance with the values reported in literature when available. Therefore, the results obtained in this work are an initial step indicating that a generic global input parameter set could be applied to physiology-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models for estimating Cd accumulation in fish in different types of scenarios.

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