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Ann Hum Genet. 2010 Mar;74(2):184-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-1809.2010.00561.x. Epub 2010 Feb 18.

Limited distribution of a cardiomyopathy-associated variant in India.

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Department of Human Genetics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112, USA.


Heart failure is a leading cause of death of people in South Asia, and cardiomyopathy is a major cause of heart failure. Myosin binding protein C (MYBPC3) is expressed in the heart muscle, where it regulates the cardiac response to adrenergic stimulation and is important for the structural integrity of the sarcomere. Mutations in the MYBPC3 gene are associated with hypertrophic or dilated cardiomyopathies. A 25-base-pair deletion in intron 32 causes skipping of the downstream exon and is associated with familial cardiomyopathy. To date, this deletion is found primarily in India and South Asia, although it is also found at low frequency in Southeast Asia. In order to better characterise the distribution of this variant, we determined its frequency in 447 individuals from 19 populations, including 10 populations from India and neighbouring populations from Pakistan and Nepal. The deletion frequency is over 8% in some of our Indian samples, and it is not present in any of the populations we sampled outside of India. The differences in the deletion frequencies among populations in India are consistent with patterns of variation previously reported and with patterns we observed among Indian populations based on high-density SNP chip data. Our results indicate that the MYBPC3 deletion is primarily found among Indian populations and that its distribution is consistent with genome-wide patterns of variation in India.

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