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Mitochondrion. 2010 Jun;10(4):335-41. doi: 10.1016/j.mito.2010.02.006. Epub 2010 Mar 1.

New SUCLG1 patients expanding the phenotypic spectrum of this rare cause of mild methylmalonic aciduria.

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Université Paris Descartes, Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades et Inserm U781 et U797, Départements de Génétique, de Radiologie pédiatrique, des Maladies Métaboliques et de Biochimie B, Paris F-75015, France.


Deficiencies in two subunits of the succinyl-coenzyme A synthetase (SCS) have been involved in patients with encephalomyopathy and mild methylmalonic aciduria (MMA). In this study, we described three new SUCLG1 patients and performed a meta-analysis of the literature. Our report enlarges the phenotypic spectrum of SUCLG1 mutations and confirms that a characteristic metabolic profile (presence of MMA and C4-DC carnitine in urines) and basal ganglia MRI lesions are the hallmarks of SCS defects. As mitochondrial DNA depletion in muscle is not a constant finding in SUCLG1 patients, this may suggest that diagnosis should not be based on it, but also that alternative physiopathological mechanisms may be considered to explain the combined respiratory chain deficiency observed in SCS patients.

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