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J Exp Med. 2010 Mar 15;207(3):455-63. doi: 10.1084/jem.20091725. Epub 2010 Mar 1.

Evidence that vitamin D(3) promotes mast cell-dependent reduction of chronic UVB-induced skin pathology in mice.

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1
Division of Human Immunology, Centre for Cancer Biology, South Australia, Australia.

Abstract

Mast cell production of interleukin-10 (IL-10) can limit the skin pathology induced by chronic low-dose ultraviolet (UV)-B irradiation. Although the mechanism that promotes mast cell IL-10 production in this setting is unknown, exposure of the skin to UVB irradiation induces increased production of the immune modifying agent 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1alpha,25[OH](2)D(3)). We now show that 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) can up-regulate IL-10 mRNA expression and induce IL-10 secretion in mouse mast cells in vitro. To investigate the roles of 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) and mast cell vitamin D receptor (VDR) expression in chronically UVB-irradiated skin in vivo, we engrafted the skin of genetically mast cell-deficient WBB6F(1)-Kit(W/W-v) mice with bone marrow-derived cultured mast cells derived from C57BL/6 wild-type or VDR(-/-) mice. Optimal mast cell-dependent suppression of the inflammation, local production of proinflammatory cytokines, epidermal hyperplasia, and epidermal ulceration associated with chronic UVB irradiation of the skin in Kit(W/W-v) mice required expression of VDR by the adoptively transferred mast cells. Our findings suggest that 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)/VDR-dependent induction of IL-10 production by cutaneous mast cells can contribute to the mast cell's ability to suppress inflammation and skin pathology at sites of chronic UVB irradiation.

PMID:
20194632
PMCID:
PMC2839149
DOI:
10.1084/jem.20091725
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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