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Infect Immun. 2010 May;78(5):1832-40. doi: 10.1128/IAI.00446-09. Epub 2010 Mar 1.

CdpA is a Burkholderia pseudomallei cyclic di-GMP phosphodiesterase involved in autoaggregation, flagellum synthesis, motility, biofilm formation, cell invasion, and cytotoxicity.

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Department of Biochemistry, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, 8 Medical Drive, Singapore.


Cyclic diguanylic acid (c-di-GMP) is an intracellular signaling molecule involved in regulation of cellular functions such as motility, biofilm formation and virulence. Intracellular level of c-di-GMP is controlled through opposing diguanylate cyclase (DGC) and phosphodiesterase (PDE) activities of GGDEF and EAL domain proteins, respectively. We report the identification and characterization of cdpA, a gene encoding a protein containing an EAL domain in the Gram-negative soil bacillus and human pathogen Burkholderia pseudomallei KHW. Purified recombinant CdpA protein exhibited PDE activity in vitro. Evidence that CdpA is a major c-di-GMP-specific PDE in B. pseudomallei KHW was shown by an 8-fold-higher c-di-GMP level in the cdpA-null mutant as compared to the wild type and the complemented cdpA mutant. The presence of higher intracellular c-di-GMP levels in the cdpA-null mutant was associated with increased production of exopolysaccharides, increased cell-to-cell aggregation, absence of flagella and swimming motility, and increased biofilm formation. The relevance of CdpA in B. pseudomallei virulence was demonstrated by a 3-fold reduction in invasion of human lung epithelial cells and a 6-fold reduction in cytotoxicity on human macrophage cells infected with the cdpA mutant.

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