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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2010 Jun-Jul;1797(6-7):1071-5. doi: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2010.02.027. Epub 2010 Mar 1.

ATP-dependent proteases in biogenesis and maintenance of plant mitochondria.

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Department of Biotechnology, University of Wroclaw, 51-148 Wroclaw, Poland.


ATP-dependent proteases from three families have been identified experimentally in Arabidopsis mitochondria: four FtsH proteases (AtFtsH3, AtFtsH4, AtFtsH10, and AtFtsH11), two Lon proteases (AtLon1 and AtLon4), and one Clp protease (AtClpP2 with regulatory subunit AtClpX). In this review we discuss their submitochondrial localization, expression profiles and proposed functions, with special emphasis on their impact on plant growth and development. The best characterized plant mitochondrial ATP-dependent proteases are AtLon1 and AtFtsH4. It has been proposed that AtLon1 is necessary for proper mitochondrial biogenesis during seedling establishment, whereas AtFtsH4 is involved in maintaining mitochondrial homeostasis late in rosette development under short-day photoperiod.

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