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Bone Marrow Transplant. 2010 Oct;45(10):1546-52. doi: 10.1038/bmt.2010.13. Epub 2010 Mar 1.

Plasma levels of IL-7 and IL-15 in the first month after myeloablative BMT are predictive biomarkers of both acute GVHD and relapse.

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Universite Lille Nord de France, Lille, France.


T-cell reconstitution after allo-SCT initially depends on homeostatic peripheral expansion of donor T cells, the level of which may promote the differentiation of alloreactive and tumor-reactive effectors. IL-7 and IL-15 exert their effect as key homeostatic cytokines. We prospectively investigated plasma levels of IL-7 and IL-15 in a homogeneous group of 40 patients in CR of their hematologic malignancy undergoing myeloablative, fully (10/10) HLA-matched BMT. IL-7 and IL-15 proceeded along similar kinetic courses, peaking at wide ranges (3.8-30.2 and 14.3-66 pg/ml, respectively) on day +14 when all patients were profoundly lymphopenic. Occurrence and grade of subsequent acute GVHD were significantly associated with heightened day +14 IL-7 and IL-15 levels. Association of peak IL-7 level to grade 2-4 acute GVHD was confirmed by Cox multivariate analysis (hazard ratio (HR)=5.38; P=0.022). Malignancy relapse was significantly associated with reduced day +14 levels of IL-15 (Cox multivariate analysis: HR=0.93; P=0.035). Plasma IL-7 and IL-15 levels in the early post transplantation period are therefore biomarkers that can help predict subsequent development of acute GVHD and malignancy relapse.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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