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Am J Kidney Dis. 2010 Apr;55(4):717-25. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2009.11.022. Epub 2010 Feb 26.

Multiple listing in kidney transplantation.

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Section of Nephrology, Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC, USA.


The increasing number of patients with end-stage renal disease and the expanding waiting lists for various solid-organ transplants, particularly kidney transplants, has compelled prospective transplant recipients and their care teams to explore novel ways to accelerate this process, initiating the practice of multiple listing. Multiple listing is defined as being listed for an organ transplant at more than 1 transplant center. Current policy allows patients to be listed at more than 1 transplant center in 1 or more organ procurement organization. Multiple listing can be beneficial for different groups of transplant candidates. Current data support a beneficial effect for the patient on multiple waiting lists, most notably portending a survival advantage for transplant recipients. The kidney transplant list has the most patients who are multiply listed (4.7%), followed by the liver transplant list at 3.8%. The main potential downside of multiple listing is its effect on patients not on multiple lists, as well as the cost accrued to achieve multiple listings. With the newly clarified policy of the United Network for Organ Sharing, a pivotal role for nephrologists in educating patients about the option of multiple listing becomes more apparent. In this article, current practices and policies regarding multiple listing are reviewed and opinions and ethics relating to the practice are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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