Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Lancet. 2010 Mar 20;375(9719):985-97. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60239-5. Epub 2010 Feb 25.

Carotid artery stenting compared with endarterectomy in patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis (International Carotid Stenting Study): an interim analysis of a randomised controlled trial.

Collaborators (346)

Algra A, Bamford J, Beard J, Bland M, Bradbury AW, Brown MM, Clifton A, Gaines P, Collins R, Molyneux A, Naylor R, Warlow C, Ferro JM, Thomas D, Bonati LH, Coward L, Dobson J, Ederle J, Featherstone RF, Tindall H, McCabe DJ, Wallis A, Brooks M, Chambers B, Chan A, Chu P, Clark D, Dewey H, Donnan G, Fell G, Hoare M, Molan M, Roberts A, Roberts N, Beiles B, Bladin C, Clifford C, Fell G, Grigg M, New G, Bell R, Bower S, Chong W, Holt M, Saunder A, Than PG, Gett S, Leggett D, McGahan T, Quinn J, Ray M, Wong A, Woodruff P, Foreman R, Schultz D, Scroop R, Stanley B, Allard B, Atkinson N, Cambell W, Davies S, Field P, Milne P, Mitchell P, Tress B, Yan B, Beasley A, Dunbabin D, Stary D, Walker S, Cras P, d'Archambeau O, Hendriks JM, Van Schil P, St Blasius AZ, Bosiers M, Deloose K, van Buggenhout E, De Letter J, Devos V, Ghekiere J, Vanhooren G, Astarci P, Hammer F, Lacroix V, Peeters A, Verbist J, Blair JF, Caron JL, Daneault N, Giroux MF, Guilbert F, Lanthier S, Lebrun LH, Oliva V, Raymond J, Roy D, Soulez G, Weill A, Hill M, Hu W, Hudion M, Morrish W, Sutherland G, Wong J, Albäck A, Harno H, Ijäs P, Kaste M, Lepäntalo M, Mustanoja S, Paananen T, Porras M, Putaala J, Railo M, Sairanen T, Soinne L, Vehmas A, Vikatmaa P, Goertler M, Halloul Z, Skalej M, Brennan P, Kelly C, Leahy A, Moroney J, Thornton J, Koelemay MJ, Nederkoorn PJ, Reekers JA, Roos YB, Hendriks JM, Koudstaal PJ, Pattynama PM, van der Lugt A, van Dijk LC, van Sambeek MR, van Urk H, Verhagen HJ, Bruijninckx CM, de Bruijn SF, Keunen R, Knippenberg B, Mosch A, Treurniet F, van Dijk L, van Overhagen H, Wever J, de Beer FC, van den Berg JS, van Hasselt BA, Zeilstra DJ, Boiten J, van Otterloo JC, de Vries AC, Lycklama a Nijeholt GJ, van der Kallen BF, Blankensteijn JD, De Leeuw FE, Kool LJ, van der Vliet JA, de Borst GJ, de Kort GA, Kapelle LJ, Lo TH, Mali WP, Moll F, van der Worp HB, Verhagen H, Barber PA, Bourchier R, Hill A, Holden A, Stewart J, Bakke SJ, Krohg-Sørensen K, Skjelland M, Tennøe B, Bialek P, Biejat Z, Czepiel W, Czlonkowska A, Dowzenko A, Jedrzejewska J, Kobayashi A, Lelek M, Polanski J, Kirbis J, Milosevic Z, Zvan B, Blasco J, Chamorro A, Macho J, Obach V, Riambau V, San Roman L, Branera J, Canovas D, Estela J, Gaibar AG, Perendreu J, Björses K, Gottsater A, Ivancev K, Maetzsch T, Sonesson B, Berg B, Delle M, Formgren J, Gillgren P, Kall TB, Konrad P, Nyman N, Takolander R, Andersson T, Malmstedt J, Soderman M, Wahlgren C, Wahlgren N, Binaghi S, Hirt L, Michel P, Ruchat P, Bonati LH, Engelter ST, Fluri F, Guerke L, Jacob AL, Kirsch E, Lyrer PA, Radue EW, Stierli P, Wasner M, Wetzel S, Bonvin C, Kalangos A, Lovblad K, Murith M, Ruefenacht D, Sztajzel R, Higgins N, Kirkpatrick PJ, Martin P, Varty K, Adam D, Bell J, Bradbury AW, Crowe P, Gannon M, Henderson MJ, Sandler D, Shinton RA, Scriven JM, Wilmink T, D'Souza S, Egun A, Guta R, Punekar S, Seriki DM, Thomson G, Brennan JA, Enevoldson TP, Gilling-Smith G, Gould DA, Harris PL, McWilliams RG, Nahser HC, White R, Prakash KG, Serracino-Inglott F, Subramanian G, Symth JV, Walker MG, Clarke M, Davis M, Dixit SA, Dorman P, Dyker A, Ford G, Golkar A, Jackson R, Jayakrishnan V, Lambert D, Lees T, Louw S, Macdonald S, Mendelow AD, Rodgers H, Rose J, Stansby G, Wyatt M, Baker T, Baldwin N, Jones L, Mitchell D, Munro E, Thornton M, Baker D, Davis N, Hamilton G, McCabe D, Platts A, Tibballs J, Beard J, Cleveland T, Dodd D, Gaines P, Lonsdale R, Nair R, Nassef A, Nawaz S, Venables G, Belli A, Clifton A, Cloud G, Halliday A, Markus H, McFarland R, Morgan R, Pereira A, Thompson A, Chataway J, Cheshire N, Gibbs R, Hammady M, Jenkins M, Malik I, Wolfe J, Adiseshiah M, Bishop C, Brew S, Brookes J, Brown MM, Jäger R, Kitchen N, Ashleigh R, Butterfield S, Gamble GE, McCollum C, Nasim A, O'Neill P, Wong J, Edwards RD, Lees KR, MacKay AJ, Moss J.

Author information

1
Institute of Neurology, University College London, Box 6, The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, UK.

Erratum in

  • Lancet. 2010 Jul 10;376(9735):90. Nasser, H-C [corrected to Nahser, H-C].

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Stents are an alternative treatment to carotid endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis, but previous trials have not established equivalent safety and efficacy. We compared the safety of carotid artery stenting with that of carotid endarterectomy.

METHODS:

The International Carotid Stenting Study (ICSS) is a multicentre, international, randomised controlled trial with blinded adjudication of outcomes. Patients with recently symptomatic carotid artery stenosis were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive carotid artery stenting or carotid endarterectomy. Randomisation was by telephone call or fax to a central computerised service and was stratified by centre with minimisation for sex, age, contralateral occlusion, and side of the randomised artery. Patients and investigators were not masked to treatment assignment. Patients were followed up by independent clinicians not directly involved in delivering the randomised treatment. The primary outcome measure of the trial is the 3-year rate of fatal or disabling stroke in any territory, which has not been analysed yet. The main outcome measure for the interim safety analysis was the 120-day rate of stroke, death, or procedural myocardial infarction. Analysis was by intention to treat (ITT). This study is registered, number ISRCTN25337470.

FINDINGS:

The trial enrolled 1713 patients (stenting group, n=855; endarterectomy group, n=858). Two patients in the stenting group and one in the endarterectomy group withdrew immediately after randomisation, and were not included in the ITT analysis. Between randomisation and 120 days, there were 34 (Kaplan-Meier estimate 4.0%) events of disabling stroke or death in the stenting group compared with 27 (3.2%) events in the endarterectomy group (hazard ratio [HR] 1.28, 95% CI 0.77-2.11). The incidence of stroke, death, or procedural myocardial infarction was 8.5% in the stenting group compared with 5.2% in the endarterectomy group (72 vs 44 events; HR 1.69, 1.16-2.45, p=0.006). Risks of any stroke (65 vs 35 events; HR 1.92, 1.27-2.89) and all-cause death (19 vs seven events; HR 2.76, 1.16-6.56) were higher in the stenting group than in the endarterectomy group. Three procedural myocardial infarctions were recorded in the stenting group, all of which were fatal, compared with four, all non-fatal, in the endarterectomy group. There was one event of cranial nerve palsy in the stenting group compared with 45 in the endarterectomy group. There were also fewer haematomas of any severity in the stenting group than in the endarterectomy group (31 vs 50 events; p=0.0197).

INTERPRETATION:

Completion of long-term follow-up is needed to establish the efficacy of carotid artery stenting compared with endarterectomy. In the meantime, carotid endarterectomy should remain the treatment of choice for patients suitable for surgery.

FUNDING:

Medical Research Council, the Stroke Association, Sanofi-Synthélabo, European Union.

PMID:
20189239
PMCID:
PMC2849002
DOI:
10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60239-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center