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FEBS Lett. 2010 Mar 19;584(6):1111-8. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2010.02.058. Epub 2010 Feb 24.

Mapping of the basic amino-acid residues responsible for tubulation and cellular protrusion by the EFC/F-BAR domain of pacsin2/Syndapin II.

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RIKEN Systems and Structural Biology Center, Tsurumi, Yokohama, Japan.


The extended Fes-CIP4 homology (EFC)/FCH-BAR (F-BAR) domain tubulates membranes. Overexpression of the pacsin2 EFC/F-BAR domain resulted in tubular localization inside cells and deformed liposomes into tubules in vitro. We found that overexpression of the pacsin2 EFC/F-BAR domain induced cellular microspikes, with the pacsin2 EFC/F-BAR domain concentrated at the neck. The hydrophobic loops and the basic amino-acid residues on the concave surface of the pacsin2 EFC/F-BAR domain are essential for both the microspike formation and tubulation. Since the curvature of the neck of the microspike and that of the tubulation share similar geometry, the pacsin2 EFC/F-BAR domain is considered to facilitate both microspike formation and tubulation.

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