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Biochemistry. 1991 Apr 23;30(16):4055-61.

Specificities and kinetics of uracil excision from uracil-containing DNA oligomers by Escherichia coli uracil DNA glycosylase.

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Department of Medical Biochemistry, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.


Uracil DNA glycosylase excises uracil residues from DNA that can arise as a result of deamination of cytosine or incorporation of dUMP residues by DNA polymerase. We have carried out a detailed study to define the specificities and the kinetic parameters for its substrates by using a number of synthetic oligodeoxyribonucleotides of varying lengths and containing uracil residue(s) in various locations. The results show that the Escherichia coli enzyme can remove a 5'-terminal U from an oligomer only if the 5'-end is phosphorylated. The enzyme does not remove U residues from a 3'-terminal position, but U residues can be excised from oligonucleotides with either pd(UN)p or pd(UNN) 3'-termini. The oligomer d(UUUUT) can have the second or third U residues from the 5'-end excised even when the neighboring site is an abasic site (3' or 5', respectively). On the basis of these findings, pd(UN)p was anticipated to be the smallest size substrate. Results show detectable amounts of U release from the substrate pd(UT)p; however, significantly higher amounts of U release were observed from pd(UT-sugar) or pd(UTT). Determinations of the Km and Vmax values show that the different rates of U excision from oligomers of different sizes (trimeric to pentameric) but containing U in the same position are largely due to the differences in the Km values, whereas the different rates of U excision from the substrates of the same size but containing U in different positions are largely due to different Vmax values.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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