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Free Radic Res. 2010 Apr;44(4):379-88. doi: 10.3109/10715761003610745.

Redox regulation of Wnt signalling via nucleoredoxin.

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  • 1Laboratory of Intracellular Signaling, Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, 3-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.


Numerous studies indicate that reactive oxygen species (ROS) are not merely cellular by-products of respiration, but are able to modulate various signalling pathways and play certain physiological roles. Recent studies have revealed the importance of translating ROS-generation to activation/suppression of specific signalling pathways. The Wnt signalling pathway, which is essential for early development and stem cell maintenance, is also regulated by ROS. A thioredoxin-related protein, nucleoredoxin (NRX), governs ROS-stimulated Wnt signalling in a temporal manner. NRX usually interacts with Dishevelled (Dvl), an essential adaptor protein for Wnt signalling, and blocks the activation of the Wnt pathway. Oxidative stress causes dissociation of NRX from Dvl, which enables Dvl to activate the downstream Wnt signalling pathway. This study also presents the latest research findings on NRX and its related molecules.

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