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Biochemistry. 1991 Apr 23;30(16):4001-9.

Properties of 2'-fluorothymidine-containing oligonucleotides: interaction with restriction endonuclease EcoRV.

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Abteilung Chemie, Max-Planck-Institut für Experimentelle Medizin, Göttingen, FRG.


2'-Fluorothymidine (Tf) was synthesized via an improved procedure with (diethylamino)sulfur trifluoride. The compatibility of the analogue with DNA synthesis via the phosphoramidite method was demonstrated after complete enzymatic digestion of the oligonucleotides d(Tf11T) and d(Tf3T), the sole products of which were 2'-fluorothymidine and thymidine in the expected ratio. The 2'-fluorothymidine was also incorporated into the EcoRV recognition sequence (underlined), within the complementary oligonucleotides d(CAAACCGATATCGTTGTG) and d(CACAACGATATCGGTTTG). Thermal melting characteristics of these duplexes showed a significant decrease in stability only when both of the thymidine residues in one of the strands were replaced. In contrast, when all of one strand of a duplex contained 2'-fluorothymidine, as in d(Tf11T).d(A12), a substantially higher Tm and cooperativity of melting was observed relative to the unmodified structure. EcoRV cleaved a duplex that contained a 2'-fluorothymidine at the scissile linkage in each strand at two-thirds of the rate obtained for the unmodified structure. A duplex containing two 2'-fluorothymidine residues in one strand and none in the other was cleaved at one-third of the rate in its unsubstituted strand, whereas the cleavage rate was reduced to 22% in its modified strand.

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