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APMIS. 1991 Mar;99(3):226-32.

Role of the Yersinia outer membrane protein YadA in adhesion to rabbit intestinal tissue and rabbit intestinal brush border membrane vesicles.

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Institute of Medical Microbiology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.


The Yersinia virulence plasmid confers on strains of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and Y. enterocolitica an adhesive potential superior to the one encoded by the chromosome alone. We have evaluated the role of the plasmid-encoded outer membrane protein YadA (formerly called Yopl) in adhesion. Insertional inactivation of the yadA gene (formerly called yopA), which encodes YadA, led to a reduction in the capacity of plasmid-carrying strains of Y. pseudotuberculosis 0:III and Y. enterocolitica 0:9 to adhere to intestinal tissue, brush border membranes and polystyrene surfaces. The adhesive characteristics of the mutants were comparable to those of their plasmid-cured counterparts. When the yadA gene from Y. pseudotuberculosis serotype 0:III or Y. enterocolitica serotype 0:3 or 0:8 was cloned into an Escherichia coli strain, increased ability to adhere to intestinal tissue, brush border membrane vesicles and polystyrene was transferred concomitantly. The introduction of the yadA gene from Y. pestis, which is unable to express YadA due to a one base pair deletion, did not change the adhesive characteristics of E. coli. Expression of YadA in the outer membrane may, therefore, make an important contribution to intestinal adherence of the two enteropathogenic members of the Yersinia species, Y. pseudotuberculosis and Y. enterocolitica.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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