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Science. 2010 Mar 19;327(5972):1518-22. doi: 10.1126/science.1184178. Epub 2010 Feb 25.

CKAMP44: a brain-specific protein attenuating short-term synaptic plasticity in the dentate gyrus.

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1
Department of Clinical Neurobiology, University of Heidelberg, 6910 Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

CKAMP44, identified here by a proteomic approach, is a brain-specific type I transmembrane protein that associates with AMPA receptors in synaptic spines. CKAMP44 expressed in Xenopus oocytes reduced GluA1- and A2-mediated steady-state currents, but did not affect kainate- or N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated currents. Mouse hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons expressed CKAMP44 at low abundance, and overexpression of CKAMP44 led to stronger and faster AMPA receptor desensitization, slower recovery from desensitization, and a reduction in the paired-pulse ratio of AMPA currents. By contrast, dentate gyrus granule cells exhibited strong CKAMP44 expression, and CKAMP44 knockout increased the paired-pulse ratio of AMPA currents in lateral and medial perforant path-granule cell synapses. CKAMP44 thus modulates short-term plasticity at specific excitatory synapses.

PMID:
20185686
DOI:
10.1126/science.1184178
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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