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Clin Cancer Res. 2010 Mar 1;16(5):1613-23. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-09-2483. Epub 2010 Feb 23.

The first-in-human study of the hydrogen sulfate (Hyd-sulfate) capsule of the MEK1/2 inhibitor AZD6244 (ARRY-142886): a phase I open-label multicenter trial in patients with advanced cancer.

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Royal Marsden Hospital, Sutton, Surrey, United Kingdom.



In part A, the aim was to define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of the hydrogen sulfate (Hyd-Sulfate) oral capsule formulation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase inhibitor AZD6244 (ARRY-142886). In part B, the aim was to compare the pharmacokinetic profile of the new Hyd-Sulfate capsule with the initial AZD6244 free-base suspension and further characterize the pharmacodynamic profile and efficacy of the new formulation.


In part A, 30 patients received escalating doses of AZD6244 Hyd-Sulfate twice daily. In part B, 29 patients were randomized to a single dose of the Hyd-Sulfate capsule or free-base suspension, followed by a washout, then a single dose of the alternative formulation. Patients received the Hyd-Sulfate capsule twice daily at MTD of part A thereafter.


The MTD of the Hyd-Sulfate capsule was 75 mg twice daily. Dose limiting toxicities were Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events grade 3 acneiform rash and pleural effusion. Fatigue (65.7%) and acneiform dermatitis (60.0%) were the most frequent adverse events at the MTD. Based on area under curve(0-24), exposure of the 75 mg Hyd-Sulfate capsule relative to the 100 mg free-base suspension was 197% (90% confidence interval, 161-242%). Pharmacodynamic analysis showed that inhibition of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced extracellular signal-regulated kinase phosphorylation in peripheral blood lymphocytes was related to plasma concentrations of AZD6244, with an estimated IC(50) of 352 ng/mL and maximum inhibition (E(max)) of approximately 91%, showing target inhibition. A patient with metastatic melanoma bearing a V600E BRAF mutation achieved a complete response persisting after 15 months of therapy.


The AZD6244 Hyd-Sulfate capsule formulation has shown a favorable toxicity, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic profile, and is being taken forward in ongoing clinical trials.

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