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J Am Chem Soc. 2010 Mar 24;132(11):3973-9. doi: 10.1021/ja9109049.

A proteome-wide perspective on peroxisome targeting signal 1(PTS1)-Pex5p affinities.

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Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.


Most proteins are targeted to the peroxisomal matrix by virtue of a peroxisomal targeting signal-1 (PTS1), a short carboxy-terminal sequence specifically recognized by the PTS1 receptor Pex5p. We had previously developed a model that allowed the estimation of the affinities of many PTS1 sequences within the human proteome for Pex5p that revealed a wide range of predicted affinities. We have now experimentally determined the affinities of the PTS1-containing peptides from 42 proteins from the human proteome for Pex5p and show that these range over 4 orders of magnitude. These affinities correlate reasonably well with the predicted values and are substantially more precise. In an attempt to provide a possible explanation for the wide range of PTS1-Pex5p affinities, we compared these affinities with mRNA levels (as a proxy for rates of protein production) of the genes encoding these proteins in 79 human tissues and cell types. We note that high affinity PTS1-Pex5p interactions tend to correspond to proteins encoded by genes expressed at relatively low levels, whereas lower affinity PTS1-Pex5p interactions tend to correspond to proteins encoded by genes exhibiting higher levels and wider ranges of expression. Further analysis revealed that these relationships are consistent with the notion that a relatively uniform pool of protein-Pex5p complexes is maintained for appropriate peroxisome assembly.

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