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Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 1991 Apr;108(2):267-83.

Rat strain and stock comparisons using a functional observational battery: baseline values and effects of amitraz.

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NSI Technology Services, Inc., Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709.


A functional observational battery (FOB) was utilized to assess the effects of 3-day exposure to the formamidine pesticide amitraz in outbred Sprague-Dawley-derived and inbred Fischer-344-derived (F344) rats (both from Charles River Laboratories) and in outbred Long-Evans rats obtained from two commercial suppliers (Charles River Breeding Laboratories and Blue Spruce Farms). Significant strain and stock differences were obtained in baseline values for one-third of the FOB measures. In most cases, F344 rats were different from the others. Characteristic signs of amitraz exposure consisting of increased excitability, hyper-reactivity, and physiological and autonomic changes were evident in all treated rats. These effects increased with repeated dosing, and many were still present 6 days after dosing. On individual measures, there were differences between the strains and stocks in terms of sensitivity and time course of amitraz effects. In general, Blue Spruce Long-Evans rats displayed more effects of amitraz and F344 rats recovered more quickly than others. Although Sprague-Dawley rats showed the least effect overall, they displayed the largest increases in the sensorimotor responses to stimuli. These data indicate that although some behavioral and physiological parameters showed strain and supplier differences, in both baseline values and the effects of amitraz, conclusions concerning its neurotoxic potential in a screening context would be similar.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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