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J Exp Med. 2010 Mar 15;207(3):505-20. doi: 10.1084/jem.20090397. Epub 2010 Feb 22.

Lymphoma endothelium preferentially expresses Tim-3 and facilitates the progression of lymphoma by mediating immune evasion.

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1
Cancer Biology Research Center, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Hubei, China.

Abstract

Angiogenesis is increasingly recognized as an important prognosticator associated with the progression of lymphoma and as an attractive target for novel modalities. We report a previously unrecognized mechanism by which lymphoma endothelium facilitates the growth and dissemination of lymphoma by interacting with circulated T cells and suppresses the activation of CD4(+) T cells. Global gene expression profiles of microdissected endothelium from lymphoma and reactive lymph nodes revealed that T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing molecule 3 (Tim-3) was preferentially expressed in lymphoma-derived endothelial cells (ECs). Clinically, the level of Tim-3 in B cell lymphoma endothelium was closely correlated to both dissemination and poor prognosis. In vitro, Tim-3(+) ECs modulated T cell response to lymphoma surrogate antigens by suppressing activation of CD4(+) T lymphocytes through the activation of the interleukin-6-STAT3 pathway, inhibiting Th1 polarization, and providing protective immunity. In a lymphoma mouse model, Tim-3-expressing ECs promoted the onset, growth, and dissemination of lymphoma by inhibiting activation of CD4(+) T cells and Th1 polarization. Our findings strongly argue that the lymphoma endothelium is not only a vessel system but also a functional barrier facilitating the establishment of lymphoma immune tolerance. These findings highlight a novel molecular mechanism that is a potential target for enhancing the efficacy of tumor immunotherapy and controlling metastatic diseases.

PMID:
20176801
PMCID:
PMC2839144
DOI:
10.1084/jem.20090397
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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